AN UNEASY PEACE
26" x 30"edition
of one hundred
The treaty of Hopewell, which was
signed on Nov. 28, 1785, was the first treaty between the Americans and
the Cherokee. The treaty was signed by Old Corn Tassle and boycotted by
Dragging Canoe, this is depicted by the opposing face wearing the
markings of the Peregrine Falcon, the bird of war. Dragging Canoe and
the Chickamaugas continued to raid and terrorize the Americans with arms
supplied by the Spanish Traders in Florida.
After the death of Dragging Canoe
in 1792 leadership fell to Doublehead who was even more aggressive than
Dragging Canoe had been. Under Doublehead, Chief Bowl ambushed an
American party on the Tennessee River near muscle Shoals in 1794,
ostracized by the Cherokee and hated by the Americans, he and his
followers crossed the Mississippi and settled along the St. Francis
River in what is now Arkansas.
The Bowl and the Chickamaugas
followed Sam Houston to Texas hoping for an ally. After Texas gained its
independence the Texas legislature voted to expel all Indians from
Texas. The two Chickamauga villages were raided, and The Bowl was
killed. The remnants of the Chickamaugas rejoined the Cherokee who were
rebuilding the Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory after the forced
removal known now as the Trail Of Tears, completing the circle.